By Arthur Koestler
This publication lines the heritage of the traditional Khazar Empire, an immense yet nearly forgotten strength in jap Europe, which at midnight a long time grew to become switched over to Judaism. Khazaria used to be eventually burnt up via the forces of Genghis Khan, yet facts exhibits that the Khazars themselves migrated to Poland and shaped the cradle of Western Jewry. To the final reader the Khazars, who flourished from the seventh to eleventh century, could appear infinitely distant at the present time. but they've got a detailed and unforeseen touching on our global, which emerges as Koestler recounts the interesting background of the traditional Khazar Empire. At in regards to the time that Charlemagne was once Emperor within the West. The Khazars’ sway prolonged from the Black Sea to the Caspian, from the Caucasus to the Volga, and so they have been instrumental in preventing the Muslim onslaught opposed to Byzantium, the japanese jaw of the large pincer circulate that during the West swept throughout northern Africa and into Spain.
Thereafter the Khazars came across themselves in a precarious place among the 2 significant global powers: the jap Roman Empire in Byzantium and the effective fans of Mohammed. As Koestler issues out, the Khazars have been the 3rd global in their day. they selected a stunning approach to resisting either the Western strain to develop into Christian and the japanese to undertake Islam. Rejecting either, they switched over to Judaism.
Mr. Koestler speculates in regards to the final religion of the Khazars and their influence at the racial composition and social background of contemporary Jewry. He produces specified study to aid a conception that may make the time period ‘anti-Semitism’ turn into void of meaning.
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Additional resources for The Thirteenth Tribe: The Khazar Empire and Its Heritage
The fighting continued for three days. God helped the Muslims against them. The Rus were put to the sword. Some were killed and others were drowned. of those slain by the Muslims on the banks of the Khazar river there were counted about The Thirtheenth Tribe: Fall Five thousand of the Rus escaped, but these too were killed, by the Burtas and the Bulgars. This is Masudi’s account of this disastrous Rus incursion into the Caspian in 912-13. It is, of course, biased. The Khazar ruler comes out of it as a double-crossing rascal who acts, first as a passive accomplice of the Rus marauders, then authorizes the attack on them, but simultaneously informs them of the ambush prepared by “the Muslims” under his own command.
It was preceded by a series of diplomatic manoeuvrings and theological discussions with representatives of the four major religions— which provide a kind of mirror image to the debates before the Khazar conversion to Judaism. Indeed, the Old Russian Chronicle’s account of these theological disputes constantly remind one of the Hebrew and Arab accounts of King Bulan’s erstwhile Brains Trust— only the outcome is different. This time there were four instead of three contestants— as the schism between the Greek and the Latin churches was already an accomplished fact in the tenth century (though it became official only in the eleventh).
And the Kagan, the ruler of Khazaria, on account of their [the Magyars’] valour and military assistance, gave their first chieftain, the man called Lebedias, a noble Khazar lady as wife, that he might beget children of her; but Lebedias, by some chance, had no family by that Khazar woman. Another dynastic alliance which had misfired. But the Kagan was determined to strengthen the ties which bound Lebedias and his tribes to the Khazar kingdom: After a little time had passed, the Kagan, the ruler of Khazaria, told the Magyars… to send to him their first chieftain.
The Thirteenth Tribe: The Khazar Empire and Its Heritage by Arthur Koestler