By Mo Salman, Jordi Tarrés-Call
The continued emergence and evolution of tick-borne illnesses has major implications for animal well-being, the profitability of nutrition animal creation and for human future health, with many tick-borne ailments having zoonotic power. those difficulties are being exacerbated as formerly exotic-based ticks unfold northwards, wearing ailments. This ebook is a variety of the EFSA document at the topic, and comprises insurance of the importance of tick-borne illnesses, id of tick species, rising tick-borne infections, elements influencing the unfold and distribution of ticks and surveillance and regulate measures.
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Extra resources for Ticks and tick-borne diseases : geographical distribution and control strategies in the Euro-Asia region
Turanicus. Both sexes of Rh. sanguineus have spiracle plates with tails which are narrow, and less than the width of the adjacent festoon. In Rh. turanicus, these tails are broad. Males of Rh. sanguineus do not have a depression of the cervical fields compared with the small depression that there is in Rh. , 2004). The adults may be separated by a combination of adanal and spiracular plate characteristics, the dorsal punctation pattern (males), and by the feature of the genital aperture (females).
Sonrai, although a different species, is morphologically undistinguishable from O. erraticus. The two species may copulate but the progeny are not fertile. At present, as there is not a solid ground test to determine which of these two tick species is which, any overlapping distribution in some areas is ignored, as well as the basic biological mechanisms of separation of the two species. , 2007). Some authors consider ASFV and the Ornithodoros tick as co-evolving organisms. In fact, there are noticeable telomeric similarities in the genomes of ASFV and Borrelia, with the latter sharing the same Ornithodoros tick host in Africa and considered to be an original pathogen of soft ticks, suggesting that ASFV is also a primary organism of Ornithodoros ticks and co-adapted to its tick hosts (Hinnebusch and Barbour, 1991).
Although in localities of extremely low relative humidity argasids may seek a somewhat more humid microhabitat, the cracks and crevices that they use seldom have a significantly high relative humidity; within this range, individual species have varying degrees of tolerance to humidity. The soft ticks are vectors of a large number of poorly known viruses (Hoogstraal, 1985) which seem of little economic interest for domestic animals. A few studies exist about those pathogens. However, perhaps the most prominent pathogen transmitted by a soft tick in the Mediterranean basin is the African swine fever (ASF) virus (ASFV).
Ticks and tick-borne diseases : geographical distribution and control strategies in the Euro-Asia region by Mo Salman, Jordi Tarrés-Call