By Robert Thornton
This groundbreaking paintings, with its precise anthropological process, sheds new gentle on a relevant conundrum surrounding AIDS in Africa. Robert J. Thornton explores why HIV occurrence fell in the course of the Nineteen Nineties in Uganda regardless of that country's having considered one of Africa's optimum fertility charges, whereas throughout the comparable interval HIV occurrence rose in South Africa, the rustic with Africa's lowest fertility fee. Thornton reveals that culturally and socially decided alterations within the constitution of sexual networksrather than alterations in person behaviorwere accountable for those radical modifications in HIV. Read more...
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This groundbreaking paintings, with its specific anthropological procedure, sheds new mild on a relevant conundrum surrounding AIDS in Africa. Robert J. Thornton explores why HIV incidence fell throughout the Nineties in Uganda regardless of that country's having considered one of Africa's optimum fertility charges, whereas throughout the related interval HIV occurrence rose in South Africa, the rustic with Africa's lowest fertility expense.
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Additional resources for Unimagined Community: Sex, Networks, and AIDS in Uganda and South Africa
As it turned out, this simple rule may have turned the tide in Uganda because it altered the configuration of the sexual networks on which the spread of HIV depends, not because it increased sexual abstinence. But the misunderstanding in Washington eventually killed the research. Alarmed by the fact that our research was not producing the desired results, a USAID manager came to Kampala from Washington. He sent the research collaborators away and prematurely ended the research. Appeals resulted in our being allowed to finish a curtailed project in Uganda, but the overall project involving other countries was canceled.
The first step involves acknowledging that sex is a social relation, not (simply) a behavior. This is deceptively simple and seems obvious once stated, but for the most part sex acts have been understood as acts of individuals that take place in the context of other kinds of social 32 Unimagined Community relations characterized as economic, sociological, political, or ethnic/ racial. But to take sex as a social relation entails seeing sex as autonomously creative of other social relations and cultural categories.
21 No one then knew how bad it might be. In South Africa no one was even thinking about it yet. My first contact with AIDS came in the mid-1980s. A colleague at the University of Cape Town was invited by his cousin to scout the possibility of making a film about the anthropologist and primatologist Diane Fossey, whose pioneering work on the mountain gorillas of Rwanda had brought them to the world’s attention. She had died, or been murdered, under mysterious circumstances in her house in Introduction 17 the Parc des Volcans in Rwanda.
Unimagined Community: Sex, Networks, and AIDS in Uganda and South Africa by Robert Thornton